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Databases and GIS Technologies
The "fire" block of geoinformation system is intended for effective planning and realization of strategy of management of forest fires in especially protected natural territories. The fires (in understanding of the authors) are one of the typical forms of natural dynamics of forest ecosystems, in a number of cases necessary as for maintenance of stability of the given forest tract, and for preservation, as a whole, biodiversity. In this connection, the choice of the decisions for concrete especially protected natural territory can vary from complete prevention of fires before conscious start-up of fire on the certain strictly limited parts of their territory. This concept in essence differs from having a place in practice of a modern forestry.
The "fire" block of geoinformation system "Reserves" should consist of an administrative part, as means of realization of foregoing policy, and scientific part providing regular special inspections of a forest tract, determining strategy of the decisions in each concrete period.
Accordingly this block contains in an administrative part:
1 - electronic cartographical basis, that is
à) layers of electronic maps of fire zoning of territory, namely:
- the system of fire-prevention glades and roads (is underlined their condition for acceleration of a choice of an optimum route to a place of a fire),
- planned system of fire-prevention objects,
- arrangement of the most visited items and sites,
á) thematic electronic maps;
2 - database of fire-prevention stock and his condition;
3 - databases ensuring performance of the continuous afforestation inspection.
The scientific part of the block consists of a database of fire dynamics of forest ecosystems, also of desktop cartography, connected to system.
By development and creation of geoinformation system it is necessary reasonably to approach to a choice of the software and material base of works in view of development of world (global) information technologies.
Note. Abstracts are published in author's edition
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